Albert Einstein, the famous theoretical physicist, is remembered every year on his birthday, March 14. This article explores his life, accomplishments, and legacy as one of the greatest minds in history.
The Early Years
Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Germany. He was the son of Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer, and Pauline Koch. Einstein’s family was of Ashkenazi Jewish origin, and they moved to Munich in 1880.
At an early age, Einstein showed signs of his brilliance. He taught himself algebra and Euclidean geometry by the age of 12 and discovered his own original proof of the Pythagorean theorem. He mastered integral and differential calculus by the age of 14.
Struggles in School
Although Einstein was a gifted student, he struggled with language and other subjects in school. He left school early and attended a Swiss school to complete his education. At 16, he wrote his first scholarly paper on the force of magnetism, inspired by a compass gifted to him by his father.
In 1900, Einstein published his first paper, Conclusions from the Capillarity Phenomena. However, it was his 1905 papers on the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, special relativity, and the equivalence of mass and energy that became known as his “year of miracles.”
In 1921, Einstein received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics and discovery of the law of photoelectric effect. Throughout his life, he published over 300 scientific papers and more than 150 non-scientific works.
Einstein married Mileva Maric in 1903, and they had two sons. However, the couple divorced in 1919, mainly due to the physicist’s attraction to his cousin Elsa. Einstein married Elsa Lowenthal in 1919 following a five-year relationship.
In addition to his scientific pursuits, Einstein was interested in music and would have pursued a career in it if he had not become a physicist. He was also fascinated by Mahatma Gandhi, and the two exchanged letters throughout their lives.
The End of an Era
On April 17, 1955, Einstein suffered from internal bleeding due to a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. He died the following morning at the age of 76.
Remembering Einstein’s Legacy
Albert Einstein’s contributions to science have had a lasting impact on our understanding of the universe. His discoveries and theories have led to technological advancements that have shaped the modern world. Today, we remember and celebrate the life and legacy of one of the most brilliant minds in history.
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