Thousands of migrants are trapped and waiting to cross the US border, fearing that the newly introduced policies will make it tough to enter the US. The pandemic-related asylum restrictions, known as Title 42, expired on May 11, leading to a rush across the border. The migrants have been waiting at the border for almost a week, hoping to turn themselves in to US Customs and Border Protection officials. However, they are waiting in the open air with little to no food. Volunteers provide food, water, and charging facilities for cell phones. The Border Patrol has organised the migrants into groups and is prioritising women with children.
Title 42 and its history
Title 42 is a COVID-era provision which restricted most of the entry of asylum-seekers from seeking legal entry into the United States. Title 42 dates back to a 1944 law known as the Public Health Act, which granted US authorities emergency powers to prevent the spread of diseases. In March 2020, the Trump administration invoked the statute, citing the need to stop the spread of COVID-19 across its borders. Using this as a justification, US authorities were able to swiftly remove migrants crossing the border from Mexico, including asylum seekers.
President Joe Biden tried to keep Title 42 in place but later attempted to end its use in 2022. However, the Republicans sued, arguing that the restrictions were necessary for border security, and the courts kept the rules in place. The Biden administration announced in January 2023 that it was ending national COVID-19 emergencies officially on May 11, leading to the end of border restrictions. After it was lifted on May 11, under the country’s international law, anyone who comes to the US can ask for asylum. People from all over the world come to the US-Mexico border to seek asylum in the US. They are screened to determine whether they have a credible fear of persecution in their homeland.
Migrants’ situation at the border
Thousands of migrants are trapped at the border between Tijuana, Mexico, and San Diego, hoping to turn themselves in to US Customs and Border Protection officials. They have been waiting for almost a week, with little to no food. Aid workers distribute food and water through the bollards in the wall, prioritizing women with children. Volunteers provide charging facilities for cell phones. The Border Patrol has organised the migrants into groups and is prioritising women with children. However, it is unclear how the Border Patrol is handling the migrants. Migrants waiting at the border are tired and hungry, requesting President Biden’s help.
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