An India Meteorological Department (IMD) forecast for the summer heatwave predicts above-average maximum temperatures across the majority of the country from April to June. According to the IMD forecast, northwest, central, and eastern India will also experience a higher-than-usual number of heatwave days from April to June.
According to the IMD, “most parts of the country are expected to experience above-normal maximum temperatures during the 2023 hot weather season (April to June), except for south peninsular India and some parts of northwest India where normal to below-normal maximum temperatures are likely.” In a virtual press conference, IMD Director General Mrutyunjay Mahapatra stated, “A significantly higher number of heatwave days are predicted over parts of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana.”
Heatwave Conditions in Northwest India
Over northwest India, which incorporates Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, heatwave conditions are improbable in the primary portion of April. Additionally, Mrutyunjay Mohapatra stated that April rainfall forecasts were favorable for the northwest and central parts of India.
Definition of a Heatwave
A heatwave is declared when a station’s maximum temperature exceeds 40 degrees Celsius in plains, 37 degrees Celsius in coastal areas and 30 degrees Celsius in hilly areas with a minimum deviation of 4.5 degrees Celsius.
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