World Obesity Day 2022: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 2.8 million people die each year as a result of obesity and excess body weight. Obesity is on the rise as a result of poor dietary habits, sedentary lifestyles, genetic issues, and psychological, economic, environmental, and cultural factors.
Obesity is a major contributor to heart disease. World Obesity Day is observed on March 4 each year to raise awareness about the disease, which has become an epidemic affecting billions of people worldwide. In this article, we will discuss five of the health risks associated with obesity.HypertensionAlthough hypertension or high blood pressure can occur in people who are not obese, obesity increases the likelihood of developing hypertension. Excess fat accumulation in the blood vessels causes blood pressure to rise. Elevated blood pressure can harm the kidneys and the eyes, as well as cause dementia and heart failure.
Cardiovascular diseases obesity is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease, or heart and blood vessel disease. Obesity is associated with an increase in triglycerides, a decrease in good cholesterol, and an increase in bad cholesterol. Obese people are also at a higher risk of developing diabetes. All of these factors increase the likelihood of developing heart disease or having a stroke.
Diabetes Obese people are more likely to develop type II diabetes because of insulin resistance caused by fatty acid buildup and inflammation. Diabetes wreaks havoc on the kidneys, eyes, feet, ears, and heart, among other organs.
Osteoarthritis Excess body weight strains the soft tissues and weight-bearing joints such as the hip, knee, and ankle joints.
Tendons and ligaments weaken, and cartilage, which cushions the joints, degrades faster. Obesity can also cause changes in the curvature of the spine as a result of pressure from excess weight. Obstructive sleep apnea best and overweight people are more likely to develop obstructive sleep apnea. During sleep, the soft tissues of our mouth and throat relax, and our breathing is temporarily interrupted. Because of excess fat deposits, the airways in the upper respiratory tract narrow in obese people.